The sacred shrine of Mata Kaulan, also known as the Gurudwara Mata Kaulan, is located on the west side of the Golden Temple in Amritsar. This Gurudwara has been named after a legendary devotee of Guru Har Gobind, Bibi Kaulan. Her kirtans, which she sang religiously every evening, are still remembered by the older members of the Sikh community.
Kaulsar Sarovar, located next to the Gurudwara Mata Kaulan, is the holy place Guru Har Gobind advised devotees to take a dip in before proceeding towards the Amrit Sarovar. The Sarovar is also the first holy water tank to be named after a Muslim woman.
At a distance of 2 km from Amritsar Junction, Gurudwara Mata Kaulan or Gurudwara Kaulsar Sahib is a sacred Sikh shrine situated on the back side of Harmandir Sahib or Golden Temple in Amritsar town of Punjab. It is one of the historical gurudwaras in Punjab and also one of the top places to visit in Amritsar.
Gurudwara Mata Kaulan is dedicated to Bibi Kaulan, a spiritual Muslim Lady, daughter of Qazi of Lahore. Her father had pronounced her death, due to her devotion to Sri Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji. Saint Main Mir ji who was living in the same village rescued her and brought her in the protection of Sri Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji. Bibi Kaulan spent her rest of life devoting to service of mankind and meditation. The Samadhi of Mata Kaulan lies at the western end of the Kaulsar Gurdwara.
The sarovar lies next to the Gurudwara Mata Kaulan is known as Kaulsar Sahib or Kaulsar Sarovar. Kaulsar is one of the five holy tanks in the holy city of Amritsar and was got excavated on the orders of Guru Hargobind Sahib. The excavation of Kaulsar Sarovar was started in 1624 CE and was completed in 1627 CE under the supervision of Baba Buddha ji, first head granthi of the Golden Temple. Guru Sahib has directed all devotees to take a dip in Kaulsar sahib sarovar before going to Golden Temple.
Gurudwara Mata Kaulan Ji is situated in the Amritsar city. This Gurudwara Sahib is situated on the back side of Gurudwara Shri Harimandir Sahib and on the west of Gurudwara Baba Atal Sahib Ji.
This Gurudwara Sahib is in memory of Mata Kaulan Ji, a spiritual muslim Lady, daughter of Qazi Of Lahore. Her father Qazi of Lahore had pronounced death, due to her devotion to Shri Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji. Sai Mian Meer Ji who was living in the same village rescued her and brought her in the protection of Shri Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji.
Mata Ji spend her rest of life devoting to service of mankind and meditation. Once she posed the affection of having a son (marrying Guru Sahib). Guru Sahib ji realising her feelings, eliminated them through eternal enlightenment. On this Mata Ji expressed her feelings that after her death no one will ever remember her. Guru Sahib blessed Mata Ji that her name will remain for ever through the holy srover. Guru Sahib has directed all devotees to take a dip in Kaulsar sahib srovar before going to Shri Harimandir Sahib.